Organic farming

The "Organic farming" fact sheet describes the evolution of the agricultural area where the provisions for organic farming are applied, as well as the number of controlled producers and the crops cultivated. It also lists the number of animals from the various species produced according to the provisions for organic livestock production.


Organic farming is an overall system of farm management and food production that combines the best environmental practices, a high level of biodiversity, preservation of natural resources, application of high animal welfare standards and production in line with the preference of certain consumers for products produced using natural substances and processes. The organic production method thus plays a dual societal role, where it, on the one hand, provides for a specific market responding to a consumer demand for organic products, and, on the other hand, delivers public goods contributing to the protection of the environment and animal welfare, as well as to rural development [Regulation (EC) No. 834/2007 of the Council].

Although this fact sheet deals only with agricultural and animal production, organic farming may also be applied to other sectors, such as aquaculture and the production of processed food products, such as wine and organic yeasts.

Objectives and targets: 
  • The Green Growth Commitment establishes the "Promoting organic farming" initiative for the Agriculture and Forest intervention area.
  • The National Sustainable Development Strategy, together with the guidelines issued in the National Strategic Plan for Rural Development and respective Rural Development Programmes, sets the target of expanding the area used for organic farming up to 10% of the utilised agricultural area (UAA) in 2013;
  • The Council of Ministers Resolution No. 110/2017, which approved the National Strategy for Organic Farming (ENAB) and its Action Plan for the production and promotion of agricultural products and organic foods, sets 10 strategic goals for 2027, including:
  • Duplicate the area under Organic Farming, to about 12% of the national UAA;
  • Triple the areas of fruit and vegetables, leguminous crops, protein crops, nuts, cereals and other crops intended for direct consumption or processing;
  • Duplicate livestock production and aquaculture under organic farming, with particular emphasis on pig production, poultry, rabbits and apiculture;
  • Increase the consumption of organic products by 50%.
Progress analysis:
Last update: 
Thursday, 14 February, 2019