Renewable energy

The "Renewable energy" fact sheet examines the production of energy from renewable sources, its contribution to primary energy consumption and in gross final energy consumption, as well as the contribution of each of the renewable energy sources.

Currently, domestic primary energy production in Portugal is almost all based on Renewable Energy Sources (RES).

Renewable energy sources come from natural resources (rivers, wind, biomass, sun, sea waves, earth’s heat), that naturally and regularly renovate themselves, in a sustainable way, even after being used to generate electricity or heat. These natural resources allow the production of hydroelectric, wind, biomass, oceanic and geothermal energy.

The production of energy using renewable sources reduces the need to import fossil fuels, such as coal and natural gas, to that purpose, making the country less dependent on foreign energy and reducing greenhouse gas emissions.

This fact sheet concerns mainland Portugal and the Autonomous Regions of Madeira and the Azores and shall be updated on an annual basis.

Objectives and targets: 
  • The European Union (EU), through the RES Directive concerning the promotion of energy from renewable sources, has set the objective of achieving, in Portugal and by 2020, a 31% share of energy from renewable sources in gross final energy consumption and a share of 10% in the transport sector;
  • Within the EU action framework on climate and energy (2030 Energy-Climate), the binding target of at least 27% of renewable energy in total EU energy consumption by 2030 was set in October 2014. This target must be achieved collectively, based on the contribution of the different Member States, which can establish more ambitious national targets;
  • In Portugal, the legislation that partially transposed the RES Directive and the National Action Plan for Renewable Energy for the 2013-2020 period (PNAER 2020) set the target of 31% for the use of renewable energy sources in gross final energy consumption and 10% for energy consumption in transport, by 2020. They also provide for the incorporation of 59.6% of renewable energy in electricity by 2020;
  • In line with PNAER 2020, the "Green Growth Commitment" sets the objective of "Reinforcing the weight of renewable energy" by setting the target of 31% of renewable energy in gross final energy consumption by 2020 and 40% by 2030;
  • The PNAER 2020 provides a set of intermediate targets for the use of renewable energy in the gross final energy consumption: 22.6% for the years 2011 and 2012; 23.7% for 2013 and 2014; 25.2% in 2015 and 2016; and 27.3% for the years 2017 and 2018.
Progress analysis:

In 2017, 5,034 ktoe (kilo tons of oil equivalent) of renewable energy were produced, of which about 56% came from biomass. Biofuels were responsible for about 6.3% of renewable energy production, and solar thermal was responsible for 1.7%.

Last update: 
Friday, 10 May, 2019