Soil and Biodiversity

Due to its location, Portugal has a rich and diverse fauna and flora associated with a wide variety of ecosystems and landscapes. The National Listed Areas Network was established with the purpose of protecting those assets, while contributing to regional development, hosting visits and activities focused on the protection of Nature.

To assess the conservation status of Nature, there are periodic evaluations of the protected natural species and habitats, as that knowledge is essential to maintaining or restoring a conservation status that is favourable to those species and habitats.

With regard to the aquaculture species used as food, and taking into account the diminishing fish stocks, aquaculture is asserting itself across the globe as an important alternative to the traditional sources of fish supply; we should highlight that the production provided by aquaculture accounts for nearly half of all the fish consumed in the world.

Organic farming is an overall system of farm management and food production that combines best environmental practices, a high level of biodiversity, preservation of natural resources, and the application of high animal welfare standards.

Since the soil is essential for farming, it is necessary to maintain a balance between the nutrients - nitrogen and phosphorus - that are incorporated into it by Man and actually consumed by the crops. The excess of nutrients in the soil can cause not only soil pollution, but also water and air pollution. Similarly, the excessive use of plant protection products can also, due to its nature, be harmful for living organisms, as there are risks associated with their use, namely the loss of biodiversity.