Soil and Biodiversity

Due to its location, Portugal has a rich and diverse fauna and flora associated with a wide variety of ecosystems and landscapes. The National Listed Areas Network was established with the purpose of protecting those assets, while contributing to regional development, hosting visits and activities focused on the protection of Nature.

To assess the conservation status of Nature, there are periodic evaluations of the protected natural species and habitats, as that knowledge is essential to maintaining or restoring a conservation status that is favourable to those species and habitats.

With regard to the aquaculture species used as food, and taking into account the diminishing fish stocks, aquaculture is asserting itself across the globe as an important alternative to the traditional sources of fish supply; we should highlight that the production provided by aquaculture accounts for nearly half of all the fish consumed in the world.

Organic farming is an overall system of farm management and food production that combines best environmental practices, a high level of biodiversity, preservation of natural resources, and the application of high animal welfare standards.

Since the soil is essential for farming, it is necessary to maintain a balance between the nutrients - nitrogen and phosphorus - that are incorporated into it by Man and actually consumed by the crops. The excess of nutrients in the soil can cause not only soil pollution, but also water and air pollution. Similarly, the excessive use of plant protection products can also, due to its nature, be harmful for living organisms, as there are risks associated with their use, namely the loss of biodiversity.

Fact sheets

  • National system of classified areas
    The "National system of classified areas" fact sheet reports on the number of classified areas and the area covered by the National Protected Areas Network, the Natura 2000 network and other areas classified under international commitments undertaken by the Portuguese Government.
  • Visits to protected areas

    The "Visits to protected areas" fact sheet reveals the interest of the Portuguese population in the natural heritage found in the national protected areas, reflecting the importance of biodiversity conservation and management for the Portuguese citizens.

  • Natural species and habitats protected by EU Directives
    The "Natural species and habitats protected by EU Directives" fact sheet reports on the conservation status of natural species and habitats protected by the EU Birds and Habitats Directives, reflecting the changes in the respective conservation status
  • Aquaculture production
    The "Aquaculture production" fact sheet informs on the evolution of the national production of aquatic food products by species and by type of production system.
  • Organic farming
    The "Organic farming" fact sheet describes the evolution of the agricultural area where the provisions for organic farming are applied, as well as the number of controlled producers and the crops cultivated. It also lists the number of animals from the various species produced according to the provisions for organic livestock production.
  • Nutrient balance (nitrogen and phosphorus)
    The "Nutrient balance (nitrogen and phosphorus)" fact sheet analyses the evolution of the balance of fertilizers nitrogen and phosphorus on the soil surface.
  • Sales of plant protection products
    The thematic sheet "Sales of plant protection products" provides information on the evolution of sales of this class of products by type of function and by area of Utilised Agricultural Area.