The transport sector is essential to human activity, being responsible for the mobility of people and goods. Despite the technological innovation in this area, passenger and freight transport continues to exert great pressure, resulting in negative environmental impacts.

This sector is responsible for a large share of the emissions of pollutants, such as nitrogen dioxide and inhalable particulate matter, which contaminate the air we breathe, as well as of greenhouse gases, inseparable from climate change. Transport is also responsible for the noise that particularly affects urban areas.

On the other hand, the transport sector is the largest energy consumer of petroleum-based fuels, contributing in an inevitable way to the country's energy external dependence.

To mitigate the negative environmental impacts of this sector, to promote the transition from individual transport to public transport, as well as from road freight transport to maritime and rail freight transport, are the key objectives of transport policies.

On the other hand, modernising the vehicle fleet, making it more efficient and improving its environmental performance, as well as promoting the use of soft modes, such as walking and cycling, are also deemed essential in outlining these policies.

Fact sheets

  • Energy and carbon intensity from transport
    The "Energy and carbon intensity from transport" fact sheet examines the energy intensity in the transport sector, as well as the corresponding share of renewable energy used. It also presents the values of greenhouse gas emissions from transport.
  • Freight transport
    The "Freight transport" fact sheet examines the modal split of this type of transport, both in Portugal and in the EU-28, and quantifies the volumes of goods by type of transport, as well as the volumes moved as a result of international trade.
  • Passenger transport
    The "Passenger transport" fact sheet examines the modal split of this type of transport in Portugal and in the European Union.
  • Vehicle fleet
    The "Vehicle fleet" fact sheet examines the motorised vehicles in circulation, their age and the type of energy they use.